Friday, 9 December 2011

Fracture healing - Various Stages of fracture healing

HEALING OF FRACTURE

Healing of fracture the entire duration that the effected bone take to resume its stipulated activities fully. This is a process that the bone takes to fully free itself from the fracture.

Healing of fracture vary in terms of duration that it takes. The variation depend on the following:
• Size of fracture. Major fractures take longer time to heal as oppose to minor fractures. The minor fracture takes shorter time since it as a smaller surface area to that does not need a longer time to heal. Major fracture, on the other hand, requires a longer time since the surface area covered by the crack is big.

• Another factor is the rate of movement of the involved bone. Different bones have different rates of movements depending on the location of the bone. Bones that constitute the legs, for example, are involved in high level of movement as opposed to those that are found on an individual’s back. It will therefore take them longer time to heal than those found on the back.

• The type of the bone
also influences the duration taken by the bone to heal. Different types of bone have different duration for them to heal properly. This is also contributed the location of the bone.

• Classification of fracture determines the duration that it takes a fracture to heal. Closed fractures tend to take shorter time to heal than open fractures. This is contributed by the fact that closed fractures are joined to each other by the skin around that area putting it into close contact to the area around that specified part of the affected bone.

• Age of the person contributes to the time taken by a fracture to heal. Young people have tender bones as opposed to elderly people who have stronger and harder bones. It will then take fractures from young people to heal faster than those from older people. 


STAGES OF FRACTURE HEALING


A fracture involves damages of the tissues which do not just heal at ones, but take a process before they resume normal function. There are a number stages that are involved in the entire process. They include.

• The first stage involves the formation of blood clot on the region of the fracture. This always comes as a result of the affected part’s failure to perform its role normally. This leaves the blood to clot around the fracture as a result failure to get direction of flow from that point where the fracture had occurred.

• The second stage of healing process is the inflammatory reaction stage. At this point, the blood clots formed at stage one are absorbed through the fracture step by step. During this process new blood vessels develop in this region in order ensure continued flow of blood to avoid subsequent clots.

• The next stage involves the cells formation. This involves the formation of a cell mass around that the fracture that reduces further movement. During this process, dead cells are also removed away from the spot.

• The stage that follows next is the union stage. This involves the development of a new bone that is in uniform with the older born. The affected area is then reshaped to develop compatibility with the newly developed born. At this stage, the fracture restructures itself to withstand any prospective stress.

• The final stage is referred to as the remodeling stage.
This can also be referred to as the cleaning stage, where the unwanted material is removed from fracture to pave way for the area to resume its normal activities effectively. This always takes as long as months before the affected part of the body resume it normal duty.

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