Friday, 9 December 2011

Nose fracutre - How to identify it?

Tips on how to identify nose fracture

When you get hit on the nose, it causes lot pain and makes you shed tears automatically. This pain does not away easily and may linger on for some time and this can make you wonder if you suffered a nose fracture. You need to know how to identify a broken nose to help you get treatment on time. You should not ignore a broken nose because it can lead to difficulties in breathing. This kind of bone fracture is common in people who are active in sports or any impact in an accident. Kids who are below eight years can not suffer from a broken nose. Their nose does not have a bone and contains cartilage only. Here are some tips to assist you in detecting a nose fracture.

• Check for any pain in your nose that will not go away after you have suffered an injury
. You may feel it in the sinuses tissues or on the nose bridge. Some people experience sharp pain while others go through dull pain. Any of this can be a symptom of a broken nose.

• Check for discoloration or bruises on the nose. This could be sign of broken blood vessels which occur when you have a bone fracture.

• Any difficulties in breathing may be a sign of broken nose. This means that you have to get fracture treatment as soon as you can.

• Check for any crooked shape on your nose. This happens when the fracture is obvious and it’s easy to identify.

Elbow fracture symptoms

Symptoms of an elbow fracture

The elbow joint is made up with ulna, humerus and radius bones. You find that an elbow fracture can involve all these bones or just one of them. It is risky when a child’s elbow gets broken because it can cause poor development of the bones. A broken elbow is painful and can not bend or straighten properly.  Below are some steps that you can use to detect symptoms of a broken elbow.

• After you have sustained any injuries on the elbow, you should check it properly to see if it’s broken or not. This should be done immediately and look for signs of swelling and deformation.

• Try to move your elbow and if it has any difficulty in moving, you should see your doctor for proper diagnosis as soon as you can. Straighten your arm and reach your shoulder. This happens easily when your elbow is not broken.

• Rotate the injured elbow by holding your hand on side and bend it at a right angle. This should not be painful if the elbow is not broken. It should easily help you feel the symptoms of a broken bone which is usually accompanied with a lot pain and you just want to hold your arm at a motionless position.

• In most cases, a broken elbow will cause numbness in fingers and in your hand as whole. This occurs when the injury has damaged essential nerves like ulnar and median.

• There will be cool sensation around the elbow. This happens when blood vessels have been compressed by the injury. There will be swelling too and it may show that you have a fracture in your elbow.

Skull fracture diagnosis

Steps on how to make right diagnose of skull fracture.

Skull fracture is always caused by direct impact on head. It can be dangerous especially when severe but a slight one does not affect the patient’s health. It is important to diagnose skull fracture on time to avoid complications like brain damage. This can be helpful to the patient and also to you as a medical attendant. Below are steps on how to make right diagnose of this very sensitive broken part of the body.

• The first thing you need to get is the patient’s health history. A broken skull shows no symptoms though there may be some swelling around the area that was hit.

• Check if the patient has any severe signs of a broken skull. This includes bleeding in the nose, ears, tenderness on the injured area and also a severe headache. This is easy because you can see them and take the necessary steps to confirm.

• Check if the patient is suffering from neurological signs like loss of balance, confusion, size of the pupils, stiff neck, drowsiness, convulsions and unconsciousness. These signs call for urgent proper diagnosis to begin fracture treatment before further damage is occur.

• Carry out Computer Tomography scans which is most effective in detecting any skull fractures.  They are used by most doctors to diagnose effect of the breakage on the skull. This has to be done trained professionals to make sure that no mistake is done. This kind of fracture is quite different from other.

With these few steps can be useful to you as a doctor and will help you offer skull fracture treatment on time and in the right way.

Arm fracture treatment

It is common to se someone walking around with a fractured arm. This is the most common type of bone fracture that affects adults around the world. It takes a few weeks to recover from a broken arm. But you must stick to the right fracture treatment plan.

• The first thing that you should do is place an ice pack on the painful area. This is an effective way to reduce discomfort as you wait to see your doctor. Wrap the ice with a clean towel and wrap it around your arm for around thirty minutes.

• Avoid moving the broken arm by using a shirt or piece of cloth tied around the neck to support it. This will ensure that you do not cause more injury to the hurt arm which can also make you go through a lot of pain.

• Be sure to get treatment fast so that your doctor can check the severity of the injury and start treatment on time. You can take an x-ray which will show the how the break has affected your arm and ensure that you get the right treatment.

• If the arm fracture is severe, you should be ready to remain in the hospital for some time. This happens when you have suffered multiple bone fractures, compound bone breakage or shoulder and elbow dislocation

• Be sure to take the pills given by your doctor to eliminate any discomfort. Also, make sure that you keep the splint or cast dry and clean throughout.

Ankle fracture healing - How long does it take?

An ankle fracture can take some time but this depends on a number of factors. The cause of the fracture and the extent of the injury can determine the time it takes to recover. It may take close to four months and that means that you need to be patient. In rare cases surgery may be required and it helps to reassemble the broken bones. A patient can also follow up the right treatment to help the broken bone heal fast.

Bone fractures can be different, some are very small and it’s almost impossible to see them using an x-ray. However it will cause discomfort which calls for treatment. Other broken ankles can be as a result of shattered bone and may even protrude through above the skin. Most of fractures in the ankle are as a result of trauma but sometimes may occur in patients of cancer due to weak bones.

There are some devices used to stabilize the healing of a broken ankle. This is also determined by the severity of the bone fracture. A mild break on the ankle can be treated using a splint or walking cast. When the ankle is broken badly, the patient is given fiberglass cast which stops the joints from moving and allows fast healing. The broken bones can also be held in traction and if that is not effective a surgery is done to reassemble the bones.

The patient should follow orders given by the doctor. Rest is important to avoid straining the broken ankle and it will help quicken healing of the bone fracture.

Hip fracture treatment

The hip fracture is a common problem that can result from bad falls and direct heavy impact such as being knocked down by a car. The condition is more common in the elderly compared to the youth. Lack of getting the right treatment of the condition on time can result to paralysis and unyielding pain. Keep reading for some tips on hip fracture treatment.

Hip fracture occurs when the femur is damaged. The femur is also called the thighbone which sits above the knee. The hip fractures are more common in women because they lose bone mass at a faster rate than men. At above the rate of 65, bones starts becoming weak as a result of reduced calcium intake.

The hip fracture treatment is determined by the extent of damage. Surgery is the most common but in case the person is in critically poor health, traction is often used. Some conditions are treated with the help of medication.

In case where the femur has fractured but it is still correctly aligned, the surgeon makes use of some screws to hold the bone into position. This in turn allows natural fracture healing. This treatment method is generally referred to as internal fixation. It is done on the upper side of the femur bone; close to the ball and socket joint.

Another treatment method involves the hip replacement. The method is used in hips that were initially infected by another disease such as arthritis. The surgeon replaces some parts of the hipbone and the socket with prosthesis.

Different ways to treat bone fractures

Fractures are treated depending the category where they fit in. there are different fractures caused by various things. Stress fracture occurs when one is involved in a fall or gets injuries in an accident. Fractures can also occur easily in people who are suffering from diseases like osteoporosis or cancer which weakens bones. Below are some of the different ways that are used in fracture treatment:

• The most common way used in treating fractures is closed reduction. This method of treatment puts the broken bone in its position and heals without any surgery. When placed in the right place bones can heal because they have living tissue which has blood vessels.

• Casts are mostly used in fracture treatment because they stabilize the bone as it heals. This is most convenient in thigh fracture which has quite a lot of muscle which can interfere with the healing.

Fracture treatment is also determined on how the bone has broken. Some times the fractures break through the skin or just happen beneath the skin. In other cases, the bones are shattered and many other forms of fractures. Depending on the type of fracture, healing can be fast or may take some time. The blood vessels are the first to clot and lead to formation of soft callus. This ensures that hard callus is created around the soft callus and eventually helps the fractured bone to heal completely. Fracture healing can take two to three months but severe bone fractures can take longer.

Splinting hand fractures- how to go about it

Splinting hand fractures is encouraged as it increases the speed of recovery. It also lowers the level of pain greatly. The process is best when done by a professional since if the hand fails to align properly it can result to paralyzing of the arm. The following is a step by step procedure on how to go about splinting of the fractures.

The first step to hand fracture treatment is diagnosing the cause of the problem. The main assessment method is through using X-rays. The injured hand is supposed to be immobilized since slight movements result in extreme pain. In addition, it can make the injury worse.

Acquire long material which can be used to wrap the arm from the upper part of the wrist to the part below the fingers. The material to be used should be folded to increase its strength. Ensure the hand is straight when you are wrapping the cloth on the hand. A little bend can cause malfunctioning of the hand. You can put some material on the person’s hand to help in retaining the position of function on the person’s hand.

The splinting material is placed on the side beneath the wrist. It should extend from the top part to the end of the fingers. A roll of gauze is applied on the splinting material to secure it in place. The spiraled gauze is in turn secured in place with the help of athletic tape.

Padding material is used in filling empty spaces between the wrist and the hand. Check circulation of the whole hand. If it is fine, then your task is complete.